Do E-Cigarettes Help Reduce Smoking?

e-cigarette effects
E-cigarette impact

A recent study by cardiologists found that the consumption of e-cigarettes harms the brain, lungs and blood vessels. The research published in the European Heart Journal highlights the mechanism by which e-cigarettes damages the body through harmful chemicals induced in the vaping process. These chemicals may also exist in lower concentrations in vaping liquid.

The scientist from the University Medical Centre Mainz in Germany, who led the research stated that e-cigarettes are addictive and life-threatening. The countries should take action and ban them. Many countries like Mexico, Brazil, India, Thailand, and Singapore have already taken action against e-cigarettes. 

The study was conducted on healthy smokers and mice. The study inspected that the vapor of e-cigarettes can have a negative impact before vaping. The vapor affects the blood flow in the main blood artery in the upper arms of the twenty healthy smokers. After fifteen minutes of vaping an e-cigarette, it was found that the artery became stiff. 

The researchers exposed 151 mice to cigarette vapor for more than one, three or five days for 20 minutes and six times a day. It came out that only one vaping episode elevated heart rate and also caused the stiffening of arteries. Also, the inner lining of arteries – endothelium stopped working properly in the smokers. 

The main function of the endothelium is to maintain proper dilation and tightening of the blood vessels. The endothelium also defends tissue against toxic substances and controls inflammation and blood clotting processes. 

Also, an enzyme called NOX-2 was activated by e-cigarette vapor that was accountable for damage caused to blood vessels in the lungs as well as the brain.  

The study has indicated that e-cigarette is not a safe alternative to traditional cigarettes.

The e-cigarette was initiated to lessen tobacco cigarette consumption but now it is a growing trend among youths. The number of vaping has increased. 

In the U.S, more than 3.6 million children are reported to use e-cigarettes. The consumption of e-cigarette is widespread in the U.S and countries of Europe. The youth concerning quitting traditional smoking is getting addicted to e-cigarettes. 

According to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) National Youth Tobacco Survey, American teenagers over 5 million have used e-cigarettes in the past month, making vapes the biggest product use ever in this age group.

The signs are not of greater impact in the initial years, but it will have major ill effects in the later years. Exposure to nicotine has long-lasting effects. It can also cause respiratory issues as the vapor is inhaled directly into the lungs. 

Researchers suggest that tobacco products should be taxed heavily and its marketing should be curbed. Educating teenagers and families about the health hazards of tobacco products is the need of an hour.

The upcoming international conference will discuss more such research by cardiologists in 2023. The global event will be an open platform for cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, medical practitioners, researchers, and clinical research organizations to explore modern technologies. 

3M-Diet: A New Eating Pattern for Type 2 Diabetes Patients

3M-Diet: A New Eating Pattern for Type 2 Diabetes Patients

The recent study has found a new eating pattern that may transform the treatment of type-2 diabetes. The researchers found that consuming three determined meals a day can help balance sugar levels and keep them under control. The eating protocol is a substitute to avoid insulin injections any other diabetic-related medications.

The study carried out by scientists from Tel Aviv University was published in the medical journal Diabetes Care. The study suggested that consuming starch-rich food in the morning produces glucose and improves glycemic control of type 2 diabetics patients.  This can reduce injections of insulin or even stop the injections. The excess of body weight and lack of physical activity is the major cause of type 2 diabetes. 

It was found that metabolism and biological clock are tailored in such a way that eating should be in the early hours of the day and fasting during evening and night when it’s time to be asleep. 

However, the traditional diet advised for type 2 diabetes comprises half a dozen smalls meals to be eaten the whole day. That includes three meals and three snacks daily, also one snack before sleeping to bar drop in sugar levels at night. This diet is usually called “6M-diet”.

The patients suffering from type 2 diabetes are injected with insulin for approximately four times a day. Insulin is a hormone that maintains the flow of sugar into the liver, muscle and fat cells. 

However, the constant injection of insulin activates the dreadful cycle of higher insulin doses. These injections are linked to continuous weight gain, loss of control of blood sugar levels, cardiovascular diseases and other complications. 

The study was conducted on twenty-nine type-2 diabetic people who undergone a newly develop “3M-diet” that is more suitable for the biological clock. The data obtained from people who followed 3M-diet was compared with those following conventional 6M diet. 

The 3M diet included a meal of bread, fruits, and sweets in the early morning hours,  a basic lunch, and a small dinner avoiding starches, fruits, and sweets.

The comparison gave the result that the group of people following a conventional 6M diet did not show any significant changes. Even they didn’t lose any weight and there was no progress in sugar levels. This ultimately leads to an increase in treatment and insulin doses.

Whereas on the other hand, a group of people that followed a new 3M-diet tend to lose weight and also improved sugar levels. The researchers also observed that the need for diabetic medication dropped gradually and even some of them were able to stop the use of insulin. 

The findings reveal that 3M-diet not only benefits to control diabetes but can also prevent many other diabetic-related complications such as aging, cancer, cardiovascular diseases. These all are modulated by the biological clock genes. 

The 3M-diet strengthens insulin secretion and ameliorates sugar delivery into muscles that maintain balanced daytime and nighttime glucose metabolism. 

The upcoming conference on Diabetes and Endocrinology 2023 will discuss more on such diagnostic approaches taking place in the field of diabetes and endocrinology.