Robotics for Climate Conditions? It’s happening!

The era of the fourth revolution is here where robots will make robots. Recently, ABB began its new construction of robotics manufacturing and research facility in the world’s largest robotics market, China.  The new construction will be the world’s most versatile and advanced factory in the robotics industry. It will be a center where robots will make robots. It will employ all the latest technological advancements such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, and other cutting-edge technologies.

The fourth revolution also called Industry 4.0  has changed the world used to work earlier in all three revolutions. Almost half of the work performed by a human today is automated. Now researchers are also finding ways to incorporate advanced technology to curb global climate change. 

Human activities largely contribute to climate change by emitting huge amount of greenhouse gases impacting the earth’s atmosphere leading to the climate crisis. 

Robotics and automation deployment will help to reduce the negative impact of human activities. The technology has opened up opportunities for protection of the environment as well as research.

The emerging technology is having the potential to build the infrastructure and facility to lessen greenhouse gas emissions. The researchers suggest that automation and robotics can play a leading role in impacting climate resilience. 

Robotics is already a leading technology with automation as its core aspect. Automation applied in mass will lead to less consumption and emission.  

Earlier cars were manufactured by skilled artisans. But today, manufacturing of the car is wholly automated, with man workforce replaced by robotic workers. The technologies of industry 4.0 have enabled efficient energy management in industries. The use of automation in car manufacturing has lessened the emission of metals and minerals impacting the environment.  

Similarly, the increasing population has led to an increase in demand for food production. The agriculture production practices are degrading the ecosystems such as terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and also exhausting water resources propelling the climate change. 

Here technology has to be incorporated to play a vital role. Most of the countries in the world are adopting technological advancements in agricultural practices. Robots have started replacing manpower. The robotics are performing agricultural tasks from watering fields, weed control, mowing, pruning, seeding, spraying and thinning, navigation in the fields, sorting and packing. Vertical farms are being constructed which are fully automated thereby augmenting space and improving production efficiency. These applications of the technology are reducing emissions by preserving the natural environment. 

The automated technology does not release harmful emissions and lessens the pollution causing tools such as trucks which are responsible for heavy emissions of smog per day. The automation technology uses fewer energy resources and hence produce less waste. 

The waste industry has also started to use mechatronic innovations to cut down the handling cost thus improving the impact of waste on the environment. The automated process in waste management can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions.  

Surely, the use of automation and robotics will help to restraint the factors impacting climate change. The upcoming conference on Advanced Robotics, Mechatronics, and Artificial Intelligence will discuss about latest technological advancements and their applications.

Climate Change: It’s high time we get serious about it!

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U.N. recently reported a warning on how we use the land. Deforestation by humans has already threatened the land to damage with the increasing emissions of carbon dioxide. Also, climate change can endanger how we use our land, having a major negative impact on food security and put us into extreme weather conditions. 

Practices such as agriculture and logging are two of the major causes of human-induced greenhouse emissions. Presently, the jungles and other balanced lands have helped stabilize the negative impact of the emissions. 

The past few years observe 11.2 gigatonnes of more carbon dioxide getting soaked in the forests, wetlands and several other systems. This is comparatively more than the annual emissions. Additionally, the quantity of emission is more than the world’s coal-fired plants emission in a year. 

However, the destruction of land, its degradation practices and deforestation by humans can affect the land which is having potential, making it emit more carbon dioxide than absorbing. 

It is high time that humans find our nature-based solutions for using the land in the right way. Else, they will have to be ready to witness the negative impact of climate change and global warming coming closer.

As per a recent discussion in an international conference on climate change, several ways were explored to reverse the trend and use the land precisely. It is indeed not rocket science to have them implemented immediately. If the governments in different sectors plan strict policies, researchers expect we can soon implement without any technological advancements. All we need is adequate attention to understand its importance, financial support by governments and several market players and enabling environments. 

Restoring forests and reduced deforestation are the two ways which can be implemented immediately as urgent resolutions. This can contribute to keeping the disasters-like situations at bay and retain hopes of maintaining the temperature, restraining it from rising. 

Food producers have turned forests into agriculture lands owing to the increasing demand for food at the global level. However, emissions from agriculture can have a massive impact on climate change and hence, the issues here have to be addressed when speaking of rising temperature and global warming. 

Researchers suggest a slight change in dieting could also help fight against climate change in such situations. Reportedly, more than 25% of the food produced goes waste. If humans can rethink their dietary needs and eat accordingly, there can possibilities of reductions in the emissions. 

One of the upcoming conference on global warming discusses Global Warming and Planning the Sustainable future. The prominent speaker Prof. Kamani K.K, CEO APCEO senior Expert Asia and worldwide will be putting forward his opinions on the same. 

To understand the vulnerability of the issue, it is important that there are more discussions adoptions of new policies needed focusing on reducing the impact of climate change. A number of shocking risks involved in climate change such as already risen temperature. With our land warming up with more than 1.5°C, it’s time we think on our feet and acts as quickly as possible to implement nature-based solutions.

Omnichannel: the future of retail?

Only when the retailers thought the industry would collapse, D-mart’s entry in India grew faster despite the e-commerce wave. However, the expectations of a retail customer have changed drastically in the past few years. Though the retail industry has evolved in the past decade, it is still trying best to match the expectations level. 

The role of retailers has changed ever since e-commerce has disrupted the retail industry with its constant technological advancements. The retail sector has had it tough due to the digital disruption and the growing admiration of customers to diverse digital platforms. 

India is emerging as the next big thing in the international retail market after economies such as China and the US. The big market players in the industry are fighting to win over the retail competitive landscape. 

As per recent market research reports, the Indian retail market is likely to cross $ 1 trillion marks. What more interesting is that the Indian e-commerce market has 51% CAGR -the highest in the world. 

Digital platforms are seeing immense growth in the retailing industry with almost every retailing model entering the digital world. In India, there remains a huge number of people who penetrate the internet on a daily basis for the last few years. With the increased use of smartphones, and secure mobile payment solutions, digital portals have got strengthened in the retail markets. 

The internet helps retailers understand their customers better in numerous ways. Each time a customer purchases goods online, it gives crucial information to the marketer that help improve the user experience and retain loyalty. 

Despite the digital incorporation is increasing in the retail industry, a major number of consumers still prefers to touch and feel the product while buying goods. Many customers do not pay until they are fully satisfied with the demo. 

To attract such customers, digital marketers came up with an easy return or exchange policy which has become popular for the retail industry. Having said that, off-line customer experience remains hassle-free to gain traction from such consumers. 

Besides, the online platforms face problems of cut-throat competition with more market entrants occupying market share.  

Why omnichannel is doing great for the retail industry?

The digital presence helps retails to know their customers better. 

  • It helps them connect personally and provide sublime experience in their visit. 
  • It works as a backup where the physical shops cannot reach out to customers in certain cases. 
  • With digital marketing, retailers can have a bigger reach for their physical shops and centers. 

On the other hand, even the online producers and marketers are trying their hands offline to get the little slice of offline retails industry. 

Amazon, one of the biggest market giants in India has captured a big part of the country in a short period.  The company also had acquisitions in whole goods in 2017. It extended its online capabilities with increased online branding on Amazon Prime and other platforms. 

As per retail industry analysis, the personalizing the experiences of customers are given the most importance in the retail markets. With omnipresent retail models, it is possible to gain an overall understanding of the customer’s expectations. By meeting the dynamic needs of the customers, omnipresent business models can have a long way to go in the retail industry. 

Neuroscience and AI: integrating the unexplored areas

Though we see today that artificial intelligence and machine learning are getting spread over every sector, its development in the neurology is not yet explored to the extent it should have been. Neuroscience and artificial intelligence are considered two different things as one belongs to the technology while the other biology. 

Recent international conferences on neuroscience have discussed nemourous brain functions, thought little on AI. This blog traverses through how both terms can be incorporated and explored for obtaining advanced results from both sectors. 

Research in the past decade has observed physical connection in the brain to a tremendous extent. We have also seen how the nervous systems perceive information and process it. That being said, the brain is such a crucial and delicate factor in the body which has many undiscovered factors. That tells how there’s a lot more which is not explored yet. 

While we have been exploring how the brain functions and learns everything, on the other hand, tech experts have gained a gamut of things through constant development in the area of computer algorithms hardware and software applications. In today’s world of machine learning and artificial intelligence, some researchers believe that exploring the neurological areas and how the brain functions can help tech enthusiasts and researchers in many ways. It can primarily help translate the concepts of thinking from neurology and then incorporate them into things such as AI and machine learning. 

Brain and machines are indifferent: 

Artificial intelligence or even machine learning for that matter is a part of technological innovations which are systems. They are undoubtedly an improvised version of the human brain which can accurately find enormous data sets. These data sets are complex and often have subtle patterns. 

Through the latest healthcare industry market research, you would find such innovations almost in every sector today. Be it automated vehicles, face identifying systems, finance threat detection or robots, the systems have been a huge help to mankind. Its contribution to the medical diagnoses and healthcare industry cannot be ignored. However, they are simply modifications of a single computer algorithm. 

Another term popular in machine learning is artificial neural networks. This is a common approach which interconnects with digital processors accepting process measurements, inputs and produce outputs, etc. As per the researchers, to gain enhanced outputs, one should understand how various inputs give different outputs and analyze the same. With this, you will be able to respond better the patterns which are alike. 

For instance, if you wish that your system show the text of what is being shown to the system, you must show a lot of pictures of the object to help the system better recognize it. For instance, a dog. You have to show different dog images with more information about the various dog breeds. When you do this, your system can have internal connections and the next time you show a dog, it can show the text dog on it. The more information you put, the more objects it will be able to identify and display text for the same. 

This may be how a machine learning system understands various objects, however, the brain functions differently than the systems. You may not have to show every type of dog with different angles and yet the brain can identify a dog. With human brains, they take a very little amount of information, store it to the memory very quickly identify various subjects and objects even though seeing from different angles.

Needless to say that both the brain and the machine learning systems work differently owing to their different nature. While one ace at one thing, the other may poorly fail at the same and vice versa. 

For instance, a machine learning system may not able to process information when there’s noise in the communication, however, the brain can!  On the other hand, for a human brain, it can be difficult to process a large amount of complex data but that’s exactly what machine learning systems are made for. 

When you a dog’s photo which may be black and white or slightly torn, you can still identify the picture that it’s a dog. However, because of your brain know that the picture is similar to a dog, you would decide that it’s a dog. Unlike in the case of a machine learning system which would simply fail to give any output for the inadequately processed information. 

It is crucial to understand the brain’s potential to recover from physical problems, reconnecting with different things surrounding them. A stroke or an injury can make it difficult for a brain to adapt to go back to the stored information. The brain still aces at impressively processing a particular type of information despite being injured. As you may have seen that the brain does not struggle to understand a language while it may struggle to recognize particular subjects or objects which were stored at a particular time. 

In the case of machine learning systems, it may not at all function or process information if half of its connections are being removed or ‘injured’.

Integrating machine learning and neuroscience: 

Though there’s continous research being conducted in the neuroscience on how a brain functions or processes different information, it is still unclear how a particular brain processing method would do good in the machine learning system. For this, researchers may have to try each possibility of how the brain processing methods into the various machine learning methods. 

On the other hand, one may also explore improving machine learning for identifying new areas of neuroscience. Artificial intelligence may open new doors of questions and new challenges in the study of neuroscience. 

Researchers are how individual neurons contribute to their overall network. It is also exploring the connectivity of neurons on a broader network to understand the impact of the interactions between two neurons. 

With a similar line of action and viewpoints, if research in the areas of neuroscience and artificial intelligence is explored further, it may do wonders bringing you the technology of the future. At the same time, it may contribute to achieving new and advanced ways of fighting with neurological disorders or adverse brain conditions. 

As the World Congress on Neuroscience and Brain Disorders is coming up next year on 30-31 March 2020, it will be interesting to see if brain such studies can have scope for further discussion among eminent. Going through the list of all-conference alerts 2019, 26th Cognitive Neuroscience Congress is another conference that one should not miss the opportunity to speak about AI in the cognitive neurology discussions. 

Automated Cybersecurity : AI has a long way to go!

Digitization has undoubtedly helped business in numerous ways. However, it has also opened the doors of data threats. Today, malware and virus attacks are not uncommon to the cyber world. Since the modern organization has become complex, do has its data! Making such data secure has become a major concern among organizations. 

When proficient hackers learn how to trigger the right attacks, it’s high time that technology upgrades its security level. For this, artificial intelligence which is already doing great in several other industries can play a key role in determining security success. 

Where does the problem lie?

While organizations are moving faster, hackers manage to rapidly upgrade their technologies to hack data making it a critical issue for the organization. 

Many companies today maintain their data through manual data securing work. When hackers intervene with automated cyber-attacks, the manual techniques fail to alarm the system in advance which further leads to external threat data. 

Since conventional techniques take more time in invasion detection, hackers can easily have a whip hand with vulnerabilities by incorporating and accessing weak data. Here’s how_ 

  • Impersonation of trusted users: 

Cyber attacks made through offensive artificial intelligence can be highly measured to control on a wide scale. Such malware can enable the system to understand how an individual behaves through its email and social media communications. 

As the system learns an individuals’ behavior, it can be replicated into the user’s texts making it look highly credible. It further becomes difficult to differentiate between genuine communications and AI-powered communications. This will leave cyber-protected systems unguarded. 

  • Blending into the background: 

When attacking, certain menace remarks can establish a prolonged presence in the targeted domain. Since the systems become vulnerable and fail to detect, such threats can continue for months at a time. 

Hacking threats are cautious when evading conventional security control. It subtly gets incorporated in the daily routine. With this, the noise can bleed over the digital environment. 

If the use of artificial intelligence comes into play, it will analyze the massive data in almost no time which will help the systems quickly identify the possibly valuable data sets. 

  • Faster attacks: 

To launch a sophisticated attack, the hacker needs to have in-depth technical knowledge and skills. That’s how he/she can recognize interests the behavior of the system and social network. A few years down the line, offensive artificial intelligence is likely to obtain the same level of sophistication. 

How does AI help? 

  • Identification of threats 

In the case of manual work, identification of threats is difficult as the analyst alone cannot run through data instantly. Artificial Intelligence, on the other hand, can run through millions of research papers & data to offer immediate insights and help you get daily alerts & curate threat intelligence. This eventually helps reduce the response times in the process of threat identification. 

  • Risk Assessment

When the internal security intelligence is analyzed through previous threat data or possible external threat data, the organization can assess possible risks and gaps in the present security systems. With this, AI can help build human-interactive system through advanced algorithms and eventually eliminate the lesser-known threats in data security. Risk assessment is critically important in the business as it helps the organization to be aware of how the organization could be exposed to threats and build a system that works against them. 

  • Orchestration of Remediation

A common organizational challenge for data security is inadequate coordination between data security department and the IT operations department. If the AI-powered process is used to get real-time threat alerts and eliminate human-error interventions, it can establish a strong blueprint for data security. 

In certain cases, it assists the threat analyst through risk identification. The identification 

Why AI?

Not only Artificial offers accuracy in identifying possible threats, but it is also swift with its solutions curating analysis of risks in cost-effective ways. Since it is capable of taking crucial decisions and launch an organized response to remediate the threat. 

The Challenges: 

Though Artificial Intelligence has not completely been integrated into the cybersecurity systems, it does have a scope to develop faster in the near future. Having said that, the challenges in artificial intelligence are inevitable. There’s a lot more in the AI of cybersecurity which is yet to be explored. 

The future: 

Technology market research reports project the cognitive system can learn more and improvise its assistance on Cybersecurity. Although the AI has begun spreading over cybersecurity, hacking systems and technology are neither behind in adopting the AI for smart hacking. 

All the required elements for using aggressive AI already exist. Cyberthreats systems are still new to the AI and it may take time, but the picture of AI fighting against AI is not far from reality. It will be challenging on the part of cybersecurity analyst to be a step ahead of a clever hacking mind. 

Gauri Ludbe: 

Gauri is a business writer who has a craze for tech and business world. She is a Sr. Business Writer at JSB Market Research. Gauri believes that the future is already here with AI bleeding over various industries. It has started defining a new growth model in the global market. 


TiO2 nanoparticle interpose microwave therapy to kill cancer cells

Nanoparticles activated by light and ultrasound has been in the studies for cancer treatments for quite a long time. However, its incorporation for the microwave was of little evidence. Researchers have shown that TiO2 nanoparticle if activated with the help of microwaves, it helps cancer cell destruction which possibly explores the opportunity for people struggling with cancer-life. 

Recent research of Nanomedicine, Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine an international research team put forward a proposal for the use of microwaves and nanoparticles for more effective cancer treatment. With this, the combination of two generates the production of reactive oxygen species which eventually turns out to be safer for cancer treatment with higher chances of success. 

In the radical therapy induced by microwave, the team has explained the MDT- Microdynamic Treatment as follow- It exploits the higher concentration of ROS in tumor cells. This is done to particularly drive the cancer cell-death while also maintaining normal cells harmless. 

Experiments led by the research team were in vitro and in vivo which manifested that the development of osteosarcomas can be subdued under microwave irradiation. The research papers were put forward in an international conference on nanobiotechnology. The upcoming 2nd EuroSciCon Conference on Nanotech & Nanobiotechnology 2019 explores and demonstrates such issues in the field of nanotech. 

In the long-established microwave therapy, the cells of the cancer are heated to stimulate the death of cancer. However, it becomes tough to target each cancel cell separately without disturbing the healthy or normal cells. 

As the TiO2 nanoparticles are added to produce ROS, the research team was able to reduce the heating impact of microwaves. This grew the oxidative impact to end cancer cells without affecting the normal tissues. 

Intracellular ROS are able to harm plasma membranes, DNA and mitochondria leading to the death of cancer cells. TiO2 enters cells and cause the production of ROS to destruct the mitochondria of cancer tissue. This eventually leads to apoptosis. 

If compared with cancer cells, healthy tissues have a lower and steady saturation of ROS. Hence, the research team can propose extended levels of ROS to cause the death of cancer cells without even making normal cells vulnerable. 

Though TiO2 or low-power microwave irradiation does not efficiently kill cancer cells, its combination proves success in establishing a toxic effect. To gain better results for bone cancer treatment, more than MDT, microwave ablation therapy has previously been shown to be a worthwhile treatment.

That being said, Microwave ablation therapy has applications for fighting with cancer types. Unlike the pilot case where only osteosarcomas are used. 

For activating ROS, using light such as found in photodynamic therapy could be a difficult thing for the treatment of the tumor. Especially in the occurrences where the tumor is deeply located in within the body. 

That being said, Microwaves lend the ability to penetrate deeper propagating through every type of tissue as well as nonmetallic materials. 

The results of this pilot research indicate Microdynamic Therapy is a propitious viewpoint for the treatment of cancer despite the method being only at the start and restraints are yet in the exploring phase. 

Inducing Physical Therapy can overcome the use of Opioids!

Injuries come unnoticed, with an onset of pain it gets accustomed to the self. Often rehabilitation helps in most of the cases where medicines do not act after a certain time. Rehabilitation programs implement a similar platform to induce healing and rehab procedures.

The concern on Opioids.

There is a worldwide national concern about the use of opioids in a large scale. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention always have alternatives for reducing the overuse, but the use of medication is always the first option among patients. The study, therefore, emphasizes the fact that physical therapy can be a lot more useful, with reducing the pharmacological approach. The musculoskeletal pain arriving from various disorders have been said to get relieved from the constant use of physical therapies.

On an analysis made from the private health, insurances have insurance claims for care and prescriptions in between 2007 and 2015. The claims do promote the use of extensive medicines mostly as a direct method to lessen pain.

The study has been published lately in the Jama Network Open, with the lead author being a Professor of orthopedic surgery, Steven George. He is recognized as a well-known senior author and an orthopedic surgeon.

What did the research say?

The research has a claim which did review several outpatients and emergency room visits for the diagnosis of shoulder, neck and low back pains.

They had screened the patients who had recently taken the opioids, with further including those who didn’t file for a prescription of an opioid within a year. Furthermore, it also screened patients who had less pain including those who had visited their doctors in a span of 20 days of their initial diagnosis. These people were given at least one opioid prescription within 3 months. Accordingly, the final sample had consisted of around 88,900 patients.

How did it help?

Findings did help clinicians who were in search of pain management options and found that inducing therapies did result in fewer health risks than using the opioids.

Additionally, exercise therapy, which is altogether a component of physical therapy did reduce pain and improved functions of musculoskeletal conditions. Further studies have revealed that the patients who are at constant prescriptions of opioid treatments are always at increased risk for an overdose of the medicine and misuse.

Findings stated that adjusting with some puzzling factors, the patients who had undergone early physical therapy were using less opioid medication for knee pain. The percentage was reduced at 10.3 for the knee, 9.7 for shoulder pains and 5.1 is for back pain. The period ranges for three months to a year after the diagnosis happened. Although neck pain wasn’t something that reduced with the use of therapies.

 

European oil heads towards lubricity – JSB Conference

On a global perspective, bio lubricants are still in large phases of being in the coming off existence stage. Consequently, only 1 percent of the overall finished market of lubricant is considered as a boundless opportunity in growth. Regulation driven along with shift change in consumer sentiments, the sector has been all up to organizing settlements on a self-basis. The 2018 European Base Oils conference based in Florence, Italy aims in the resurrection of issues faced in the oil and lubricant domain of European standards.

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A worldwide aspect of “Emerging Infectious Disease”.

Discoveries in infectious diseases have made the world a “not so safe” place to live. Consequently, China accounts for merely one-third of it. It occupies half of the world’s total swine population, most consisting the African Swine flu. A conference on the Emerging Infectious Diseases 2018, held in Alabama, USA supports facts surrounding the prevention and outbreaks of several infectious diseases.

African Swine Flu, Origin and Characteristics.

The virus of African Swine flu is pretty much difficult to destroy. Described by scientists as one of the deadliest, didn’t turn to China in a single night.

Nevertheless, the USA, being one of the largest producers of Pork meat, didn’t quite deliver the disease to China. Conversely, Russia is the reason for the swine flu outbreak in China.

As said by a UN agency, the virus Outbreak in China is quite similar to parts of Russia, Estonia, and Georgia.

With capabilities to tolerate heat and cold, African Swine flu can accommodate at the inside of meat for weeks. Containing the pigs and quarantine procedures are helpful in preventing the disease from getting viral.

Currently, Vietnam is taking steps to contain the disease from further being spread in East Asia. Europe and Rome have similarly taken steps to contain and quarantine 135,000 pigs. The United States hasn’t been affected yet, with the disease being confined to pigs only.

The Infectious Outbreaks

Notwithstanding to African Swine Flu alone, Ebola and HIV/AIDS have been classified as “emerging infectious disease” in the past. The current trend is being centered at Africa alone (that’s where it gets the name). It exists with the bush pigs, warthogs and wild pigs in the forest, which in turn is associated with an African Diet.

The idea behind outbreaks.

The destruction of natural resources in Africa has further aggravated several other unknown diseases in the Globe. Additionally, Africa’s population is also on a rising spree, which due to climate change is susceptible to these diseases.

When they migrate, in the search of work or shifting process, the diseases spread on a wide scale. As such the American cooperation has been coordinating with the African ministry of health and African Non-Governmental organization to contain such threats.

Techniques and Methods to use.

The current techniques associated with the above trends of Viral infectivity is slow, difficult to measure, intensive and proves a hindrance in the development process of advanced medications.

Henceforth, responding the calls and threats such as Ebola, Influenza, Swine Flu, and Zika Virus is tiresome and consumes a lot of time.

The existing procedures for the quantification of these diseases are relying solely on fluorescent antibodies. As such the new viruses are likely to evolve as the tests require many months to a year, for being developed into full-fledged vaccines.

The African Swine flu till yet has no vaccines. Luma Cyte’s Label-free radiance instrument has been proposed to be a significantly improved solution for the growing outbreaks. This particular thing is further being studied by researchers around the globe.

What is LumaCyte?

Ordinarily, LumaCyte‘s Radiance is a cell analyzer, with automated, high content force, size and deformability features of capturing images of single cells. It works by measuring the intrinsic biochemical and physical properties of cell, changes which are undergone due to repeated viral infections. It is often sensitive to several agents that interfere to cellular structures and change biochemical compositions.

Accordingly, high-quality measurements of viral infectivity can be made easily within a fraction of time and labor which will act as an endpoint dilution to the infection process.

Cardiology welcomes technology open-heartedly

Indeed. Cardiac surgeries are now more successful than ever. Cardiovascular morbidities in the young age are seeing a decline and for those living with disorders of the heart, life expectancy is now better.

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