Beware of Silent Stroke!

Researchers have recently found that silent strokes are more common than stroke in aged people. Silent strokes are generally experienced in people with age around 65 years or more and those who have undergone surgery. 

The study, published in the journal of The Lancet, found that around half of 50 million people above 65 years and gone through non-cardiac surgery are expected to suffer a stroke. 

A silent stroke is difficult to identify as it disturbs that part of the brain that doesn’t control any vital functions such as moving or speaking. Silent stroke doesn’t show any symptoms as it occurs when the supply of blood to the part of the brain instantly breaks off. The general way to detect silent stroke is by MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)  or CT (X-ray computed tomography) scan.

What is Silent Stroke?

A silent stroke is also known as silent cerebral infarction(SCI)  is a stroke is subtle and doesn’t show any bodily symptoms related to stroke. Hence it is also called silent because it occurs unknowingly. The silent stroke is risky for the patients in the future as it interrupts blood flow and causes damage to the brain. Many people are not even aware of experiencing silent stroke until there is some severe brain damage. 

What causes Silent Stroke?

The causes are not clearly defined. But today’s sedentary and comfortable lifestyle is a major reason for strokes. The noticeable risk factors include a person suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular disease, and blood clots. 

Effects of Silent Stroke

The initial stage of silent stroke doesn’t show any harmful effects. But in the future, the damage caused can be cumulative. 

  • The sufferer of silent stroke is likely to have mood swings. 
  • They can have emotional disorders such as crying or laughing at ill-suited times.
  • They might find difficult to remember things and places earlier they were familiar. 
  • The silent stroke sufferer will find difficult to concentrate and difficult to make any decisions.
  • Also, a silent stroke sufferer is likely to lose bowel and bladder control.

A recent study by Canadian researchers also suggests that ill-effects of silent strokes are experienced after a year mostly by aged people who have undergone surgery. The common effects include perioperative delirium,  cognitive decline, and transient ischaemic attack.

How to prevent silent stroke?

As silent strokes are common, their prevention should be taken into consideration. 

  • The most common way to reduce silent stroke is by keeping a check on blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol. Consumption of oral contraceptives, alcohol, and cigarettes should be limited. 
  • A healthy diet can not only prevent silent stroke but can help to prevent many other health problems. Consumption of a balanced diet is recommended that includes fresh fruits,  vegetables, whole grains, nuts, fiber, and seeds. 
  • Regular exercise regime help reduce risk factor associated with strokes 

The upcoming World Congress on Neuroscience and Brain Disorders will discuss such brain-related disorders. The conference will also discuss on latest innovations in the field of Neuroscience, Brain Disorders, and Treatment. The event is taking place in Kyoto, Japan during 30-31 March 2020.

Is Academic Conference Worth Attending?

Academics conferences bring together people sharing similar disciplines from all over the world under one roof.  It is an opportunity to revamp existing knowledge for better future performance. 

What is an academic conference?

Academic conferences are meetings where researchers come together to present and learn about the latest developments within their field. These conferences are the most focused ones. Academics conferences are not only for academics but also for the exchange of information among scientists. 

These conferences are generally organized by a group of independent researchers or associations under the surveillance of scientific or technical committees. 

The academic conferences vary in shapes and sizes, from local meetups to global events with thousands of attendees. The international conference may be on single discipline discussing specialized topics whereas interdisciplinary conference brings in a variety of topics.  

Type of sessions in an academic conference

They are many types of sessions at an academic conference. The typical ones include:

Keynote Session

The most attended session of the conference. Often presented by distinguished speakers, the session is intended to deliver the core message or most important disclosure of the conference. 

Panel Session

This session generally involves several researchers discussing or debating on a single or related topic. The sessions may take various forms from panelist conveying prepared statements or providing answers to the questions.

Poster session

In the poster session, participants explain the physical posters that they have produced exhibiting their research. The poster is a combination of text, images, graphs, tables, etc.

Why attend an academic conference?

There is a significant rise in the number of academic conferences these days. But, the question arises that why to attend an academic conference?  There are many reasons to consider:

  • To present a paper

The main objective of an academic conference is to provide an opportunity for the participants to present their papers. The presenter has a chance to present their paper in front of co-workers from a similar field of study. The presentation of the paper helps the presenter to receive feedback that will help them to improve. 

  • Networking for future collaborations

The conference is an opportunity to build relationships and networks with fellow researchers and experts in similar fields. Attenders come from all around the world to demonstrate their thoughts and research on the latest advances. Connection with scientists and academics helps learn new things, share views and enrich your existing knowledge. This network can bring you a better prospect as you share similar objectives. 

  • To find out what’s new

In the fast-paced world, more and more information is revolving as well as evolving. It becomes vital to know what is new in your field of study. Because it is necessary to stay up-to-date to persist in an academic discipline. The academic conference is the major source that will keep you updated on new research or findings. 

  • Publication

The academic conference has greater chances to get your research published or indexed. There are higher chances that your abstract or paper gets published as conference proceedings. Selective pioneering papers may even get published in the top journals. 

Attending academic conferences are a boost factor for growth in career.  The conference is a chance to meet and collab with fellow workers, to learn about the latest advancements and understand the larger picture of your field.

Is Remote Patient Monitoring Gaining Importance In Healthcare?

According to the latest study, approximately 88% of healthcare service providers are planning to invest or already made investments in remote patient monitoring (RPM) technology for better management of chronically ill patients.

In the world of advancement and innovation in technology, healthcare is no way left behind. With the burgeoning of the semi-tech devices, telemedicine has evolved as a privilege bridging the geographical barrier. 

The technology has led the doctor to diagnose the patient living in the remotest part of the country. The telehealth and telemedicine enable real-time health data access to the provider to offer better services to the patients without being physically available. 

The findings come from the survey conducted on more than 100 interviewees that included clinical informatics and health IT thought experts. The survey respondents claimed that RPM solutions are useful for service providers to supervise and manage patients with high-risk of chronic conditions considered unstable and are at a risk for hospital readmission.

The study found that nine in 10 providers surveyed have already started encouraging patients, family member to take charge to manage their chronic conditions. The study ascertains that 89% of healthcare service providers are enforcing mobile technologies, telehealth video conferencing servicers, EHR based patients portal and wearable technology to widen the engagement of chronically ill patients. 

The remote patient monitoring is a health delivery practice that uses technology to determine patient health without visiting clinical setup. The practice is an ingenious, lucrative and patient-friendly approach to healthcare.

The RPM manages chronic conditions including diabetes, COPD, Asthma, congestive heart failure, and hypertension.

RPM can estimate several things from heart rate, glucose level, oxygen level to medication tracking and temperature. It has a wide range of applications. It can be used for clinical trial monitoring, ameliorate patient adherence. RPM also has its application to check infertility, dementia and heart failure. 

The real-time access to patient’s health can help to detect the early signs of occurring health illness and can accordingly take preventive measures.

Voice app is the most common RPM device that reminds patients of their medicine or related treatment. For example, the voice app helps a patient diagnosed with diabetes to remind them to take insulin, which ultimately enables the physician to track their health and take necessary action.

The wireless ambulatory, ECG or electrocardiography are some of the other RPM devices. 

Sensors based wearable devices are suitable for RPM providing real-time medical data.

Monitoring routine helps improve the health of people and also allows the older and disabled people to live a longer life. Application of RPM results in the reduction of hospitalizations, readmissions that tends to reduce expenses as well.

The main advantage of RPM is that it has no limitation with regards to typical working hours, scheduled physical meeting and distance. 

Technologies like artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, and telemedicine have the potential to transform the healthcare industry. The advancement of technology has been beneficial to provide better service and enhance the health industry.

The upcoming healthcare conference will discuss more on technological advancements and their relevance in the health industry. 

How is Asthma Correlated to Obesity?

The recent study published in the European Respiratory Journal shows that fats get deposited in the airwalls of lungs. The accumulation of fat in airwalls can cause artery plague leading to clogging vessels and cardiac arrest. This has also raised the concern of a higher risk to develop asthma.

Researchers are exploring in the field of health management to deal with the issues. The upcoming international conference will also discuss and present the latest advancements in the field of obesity and diet management.

The 21st century is observing an increase in the number of the obese population mainly due to changes in eating patterns and the adoption of a sedentary lifestyle. The increasing population with obesity is of growing concern raising the complications of health diseases, thus reducing the lifespan of humans. The diseases vary from diabetes, cardiovascular problems to death, causing cancers. 

Under the microscope

Earlier it was known that obesity could cause asthma and lung-related issues, but there was no clear understanding. Hence, researchers have undergone a study by examining the lung tissue of 52 people. Of which 16 people had died due to asthma, 21 people diagnosed with asthma but died due to other reasons and 15 people didn’t have asthma. 

The researchers used dyes and tissue samples to analyze more than 1300 airways through a microscope to find if there any fatty tissue present and compared with the Body Mass Index(BMI) of each individual. It was found that the size of fatty tissue increases with increasing BMI. 

The researchers claimed that fatty tissue deposits could cause inflammation in the lungs activating symptoms of asthma-like wheezing. Past studies by several researchers also suggest that excess weight can have direct pressure on the lungs. 

Also, the surplus weight surrounding the chest and abdomen can compress the lungs making it harder to breathe.

According to the World Population Review, the global obesity rate has tripled since 1975. More than 3 million people die due to obesity. Approximately 30% of the world population is obese, and it continues to grow.

Way ahead

Hopes are now revived to study further the relationship between asthma and obesity. Many researchers are finding ways to alter respiratory symptoms and also if weight loss can reverse the effects. 

The earlier study suggests that losing more than 5 percent of weight improves the breathing function and quality of life of obese people with asthma. Exercise is an effective way to manage weight and also results in improving the symptoms of asthma such as wheezing, coughing and gasping for breath.  

Exercise nurtures lung power, thus reducing breathlessness and also improves the immune system that confronts colds and viruses. Diet also plays an important role in weight loss. Avoiding allergy-triggering food that includes sulfite and sodium can prevent asthma symptoms. The intake of vitamin D will boost the immune system and also reduces airway inflammation. As it is said, “the more kilos, the harder it gets.”