Binge eating and starving impact on physical and mental health

The recent trend of having a skinny body to be able to look attractive has had a negative impact on many. The increased pressure caused by social media and the fashion industry on young men and women has led to the development of eating disorders. The overall image of health has been portrayed wrongly before a naive crowd. 

The trend of being skinny has pushed many young people into various types of mental health issues including eating disorders, anxiety, anorexia, body dimorphism, depression and many more.

Anorexia is one such eating disorder that has two major types: the binge and purge type and the restricting type. The restricting type tends to starve itself till it reaches an unhealthy skinny frame. The other more common type tends to overeat first then feel guilty and starve and exercise on an empty stomach till they feel sick and hungry and overeat again. 

There is a plethora of physical symptoms or effects of this habit. The physical signs include Extreme weight loss, Thin or malnourished appearance, abnormally low blood counts, fatigue/ muscle weakness, sleep problems, dizziness, fingers turning bluish in complexion,thinning and damaged hair,irregular menstruation, abdominal pain,yellowish skin, dry flaky dull skin,vulnerability to cold temperatures, low blood pressure and many more.

A nature genetics paper states that 0.4- 4% of women suffer from anorexia while 0.3% of men are affected by it. 

Anorexia tends to create a distortion in the perception of the individual who is suffering. They have a tendency to see themselves as heavier than they are in reality. This includes looking into the mirror and finding body parts out of proportion and swollen. The body is unable to receive the nutrition it requires to perform day to day functions. 

Calorie intake tends to become so low that the energy produced in the body is not enough to regulate body temperature causing problems like hypothermia. Sufferers develop a very low tolerance for cold. Inadequate food intake also causes less oxygen to flow through the blood, giving rise to fatigue and low blood pressure and fainting.

People seeking recovery from Anorexia are advised to turn to eat disorder treatment experts. A team of a nutritionist, physician, and therapist can bring about expected effective results. The treatment that is given through such a team typically consists of three required components: 

Medical: If there’s any serious health issue resulting from the eating disorder behaviors, the medical method addresses it. This can include factors such as malnutrition, unstable heartbeat, amenorrhea or electrolyte imbalance. Researchers are still exploring the ways they address every concerned disorder in a better manner. 

Nutritional: A tailored meal plan for weight restoration, implementation, and other such factors are involved in the nutritional component. It further involves education about normal eating patterns and supervision by the healthcare expert. 

Therapy: This is one of the important parts of treatments as the healthcare experts try to find the issues underneath. It addresses key factors affecting due to eating disorders such as traumatic life events and helps the patient learn healthier coping skills for further development. 

The upcoming International Conference on Public Health and Nutrition discusses such various issues associated with binge eating, starving and how the disaster duo affects overall health and nutrition of people. 

New UNAIDS chief all set to end Global battle against HIV/AIDS

Our struggle with HIV/AIDS has been long and fierce. Even as we speak of this, thousands of doctors, scientists and academicians worldwide, are hard at work, eagerly waiting to make the smallest of progress. 

Every tiny step against this destructive disease is a ray of hope for the millions who are affected by it and the millions more who have a loved one strongly gripped by the disease.

So what is it that makes this disease so deadly? 

HIV is a virus that lives in human fluids.This includes blood, sexual fluids, and breastmilk. It weakens the body’s immune system, which makes it difficult for our body to fight off common infections and invasions.It has a notorious history of spreading through sexual intercourse, use of unhygienic needles and wrongly performed blood transfusions. Since it was first detected in human blood, HIV/AIDS has a bad reputation of being a killer. 

Initially it was detected in congo, Africa but soon in a few decades it became a pandemic when travellers came back to their own countries after spending time in congo, they brought the virus with them and so it spread. Soon millions were affected worldwide.  

Since the first case was reported in the 1980’s, almost 40 years of intense research and global efforts have followed. After the last chief of UNAIDS Michel Sidibé stepped down from the chair owing to accusations of mismanagement,  Director of Women and Development at the African Union Commission, Winnie Byanyima has been appointed as the new chief of the organization.

The new chief is hopeful that by the year 2030 AIDS will have ended as a global pandemic, although she understands that it would not be easy to achieve this goal. In a statement while expressing her gratitude she said “I am honoured to be joining UNAIDS as the Executive Director at such a critical time in the response to HIV. 

The end of AIDS as a public health threat by 2030 is a goal that is within the world’s reach, but I do not underestimate the scale of the challenge ahead. Working with all its partners, UNAIDS must continue to speak up for the people left behind and champion human rights as the only way to end the epidemic.

Ms Byanyima was appointed by Secretary-General, António Guterres, following a thorough selection procedure aided by a search committee constituted by members of the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board.

Ms Byanyima started her career as a member of Parliament of the National Assembly of Uganda almost 30 years ago. She stood for the marginalized communities and women.

In its latest report issued on 13th August 2019, UNAIDS declared that there has been a 16% decline in HIV cases. 

The report claims that Africa has made giant advances in the response to AIDS since 2010, the number of death cases have fallen by 40%. AIDS related deaths have continued to decline as treatment is reaching more and more of the population.

According to sources “In 2018, key populations, including people who inject drugs, gay men and other men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers and prisoner.accounted for around 95 per cent of new HIV infections in eastern Europe and central Asia and in the Middle East and North Africa.”

In the 2018 international conference on HIV/AIDS, former UNAIDS executive director Michel Sidibé urges all to consider the 2020 targets as a wakeup call and “quicken their pace” as there are “still miles to go”.

To find out more about the efforts in response to HIV/AIDS stay updated with the latest World Conference Alerts and be sure to attend the upcoming conference in Italy.

Climate Change: It’s high time we get serious about it!

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U.N. recently reported a warning on how we use the land. Deforestation by humans has already threatened the land to damage with the increasing emissions of carbon dioxide. Also, climate change can endanger how we use our land, having a major negative impact on food security and put us into extreme weather conditions. 

Practices such as agriculture and logging are two of the major causes of human-induced greenhouse emissions. Presently, the jungles and other balanced lands have helped stabilize the negative impact of the emissions. 

The past few years observe 11.2 gigatonnes of more carbon dioxide getting soaked in the forests, wetlands and several other systems. This is comparatively more than the annual emissions. Additionally, the quantity of emission is more than the world’s coal-fired plants emission in a year. 

However, the destruction of land, its degradation practices and deforestation by humans can affect the land which is having potential, making it emit more carbon dioxide than absorbing. 

It is high time that humans find our nature-based solutions for using the land in the right way. Else, they will have to be ready to witness the negative impact of climate change and global warming coming closer.

As per a recent discussion in an international conference on climate change, several ways were explored to reverse the trend and use the land precisely. It is indeed not rocket science to have them implemented immediately. If the governments in different sectors plan strict policies, researchers expect we can soon implement without any technological advancements. All we need is adequate attention to understand its importance, financial support by governments and several market players and enabling environments. 

Restoring forests and reduced deforestation are the two ways which can be implemented immediately as urgent resolutions. This can contribute to keeping the disasters-like situations at bay and retain hopes of maintaining the temperature, restraining it from rising. 

Food producers have turned forests into agriculture lands owing to the increasing demand for food at the global level. However, emissions from agriculture can have a massive impact on climate change and hence, the issues here have to be addressed when speaking of rising temperature and global warming. 

Researchers suggest a slight change in dieting could also help fight against climate change in such situations. Reportedly, more than 25% of the food produced goes waste. If humans can rethink their dietary needs and eat accordingly, there can possibilities of reductions in the emissions. 

One of the upcoming conference on global warming discusses Global Warming and Planning the Sustainable future. The prominent speaker Prof. Kamani K.K, CEO APCEO senior Expert Asia and worldwide will be putting forward his opinions on the same. 

To understand the vulnerability of the issue, it is important that there are more discussions adoptions of new policies needed focusing on reducing the impact of climate change. A number of shocking risks involved in climate change such as already risen temperature. With our land warming up with more than 1.5°C, it’s time we think on our feet and acts as quickly as possible to implement nature-based solutions.

Omnichannel: the future of retail?

Only when the retailers thought the industry would collapse, D-mart’s entry in India grew faster despite the e-commerce wave. However, the expectations of a retail customer have changed drastically in the past few years. Though the retail industry has evolved in the past decade, it is still trying best to match the expectations level. 

The role of retailers has changed ever since e-commerce has disrupted the retail industry with its constant technological advancements. The retail sector has had it tough due to the digital disruption and the growing admiration of customers to diverse digital platforms. 

India is emerging as the next big thing in the international retail market after economies such as China and the US. The big market players in the industry are fighting to win over the retail competitive landscape. 

As per recent market research reports, the Indian retail market is likely to cross $ 1 trillion marks. What more interesting is that the Indian e-commerce market has 51% CAGR -the highest in the world. 

Digital platforms are seeing immense growth in the retailing industry with almost every retailing model entering the digital world. In India, there remains a huge number of people who penetrate the internet on a daily basis for the last few years. With the increased use of smartphones, and secure mobile payment solutions, digital portals have got strengthened in the retail markets. 

The internet helps retailers understand their customers better in numerous ways. Each time a customer purchases goods online, it gives crucial information to the marketer that help improve the user experience and retain loyalty. 

Despite the digital incorporation is increasing in the retail industry, a major number of consumers still prefers to touch and feel the product while buying goods. Many customers do not pay until they are fully satisfied with the demo. 

To attract such customers, digital marketers came up with an easy return or exchange policy which has become popular for the retail industry. Having said that, off-line customer experience remains hassle-free to gain traction from such consumers. 

Besides, the online platforms face problems of cut-throat competition with more market entrants occupying market share.  

Why omnichannel is doing great for the retail industry?

The digital presence helps retails to know their customers better. 

  • It helps them connect personally and provide sublime experience in their visit. 
  • It works as a backup where the physical shops cannot reach out to customers in certain cases. 
  • With digital marketing, retailers can have a bigger reach for their physical shops and centers. 

On the other hand, even the online producers and marketers are trying their hands offline to get the little slice of offline retails industry. 

Amazon, one of the biggest market giants in India has captured a big part of the country in a short period.  The company also had acquisitions in whole goods in 2017. It extended its online capabilities with increased online branding on Amazon Prime and other platforms. 

As per retail industry analysis, the personalizing the experiences of customers are given the most importance in the retail markets. With omnipresent retail models, it is possible to gain an overall understanding of the customer’s expectations. By meeting the dynamic needs of the customers, omnipresent business models can have a long way to go in the retail industry.